The National Native Alcohol and Drug Abuse Program (NNADAP) is an example of a Health Canada program now largely controlled by First Nations communities and organizations. Since its creation in the 1970s, the program's goal has been to help First Nations and Inuit communities set up and operate programs aimed at reducing high levels of alcohol, drug, and solvent abuse among on-reserve populations. NNADAP originated in the mid-1970s as part of a national pilot project to address alcohol and drug abuse. The program was made permanent in 1982.
Program activities fall into three key areas:
Prevention activities, aimed at preventing serious alcohol and other drug abuse problems:
- Public awareness campaigns;
- Public meetings;
- Public speaking;
- Developing content for schools on alcohol and drug abuse;
- School programs;
- News media work;
- Cultural and spiritual events.
Intervention activities, aimed at dealing with existing abuse problems at the earliest possible stage:
- Recreational activities for youths;
- Discussion groups and social programs;
- Aboriginal spiritual and cultural programs.
Aftercare activities, aimed at preventing alcohol and drug abuse problems from reoccurring:
- Sharing circles;
- Support groups;
- Crisis intervention;
- Support visits;
- Outreach visits;
- Treatment referrals;
- Detoxification referrals;
- Social service referrals;
- Medical service referrals.
*Source: Health Canada website