Communicable Disease Control Division (CDCD) programs aim to reduce the incidence, spread and human health effects of communicable diseases. They also aim to improve health through disease prevention and health promotion activities. The burden of communicable diseases remains of particular concern in some First Nations communities and can be linked to common underlying risk factors which enable further exposure and spread of disease. Significantly elevated levels of communicable diseases (such as Tuberculosis and HIV, as well as HIV-TB co-infection) are further complicated by issues of remoteness, limited access to health services, social stigmatization, and socioeconomic issues.
CDCD programs and initiatives support public health measures to mitigate these underlying risk factors by:
- preventing, treating and controlling cases and outbreaks of communicable diseases (e.g.,immunization, screening, directly observed therapy activities);
- promoting public education and awareness to encourage healthy practices;
- strengthening community capacity (e.g., to prepare for and respond to pandemic influenza); and
- identifying risks (e.g., surveillance, reporting)
Air Borne Diseases - Tuberculosis (TB)
The goal of the tuberculosis (TB) program is to reduce the incidence of the disease in First Nations and Inuit communities. Community-based research projects on control and prevention of TB infections in First Nations and Inuit communities are also funded. Program clients: First Nations people living on-reserve and Inuit in Labrador (Nunatsiavut).
Blood Borne Diseases and Sexually Transmitted Infections - HIV/AIDS
The HIV/AIDS program provides HIV/AIDS education, prevention and related health services to First Nations on-reserve and some Inuit communities. The overall goal of this program is to work in partnership with First Nations and Inuit communities to prevent HIV/ AIDS transmission and support the care of those impacted by HIV and AIDS. Program clients: First Nations Bands; First Nations and Inuit Associations and Tribal Councils.
Vaccine Preventable Diseases (VPD) - Immunization
The First Nations and Inuit Health Branch (FNIHB) has developed and implemented a Targeted Immunization Strategy (TIS). The overall expected outcomes of the TIS are to improve coverage rates for routine immunizations, reduced VPD incidence, outbreaks and deaths, and the development of an integrated immunization surveillance system. Program clients: First Nations children under the age of six living on-reserve or in Inuit communities where FNIHB has the responsibility of ensuring the delivery of immunization services.
For further information please contact the TFN Health Centre and ask for one of our nurses
or visit the following links